Phases to develop an industrial engineering project
In its most classic definition, industrial engineering projects are those that gather all the necessary resources to transform an idea into an industrial reality, that is, applicable in an industrial context. These resources can be written, calculations, drawings, among others.
However, the definition is still too broad and it is necessary to identify the various types of industrial projects that exist:
• Large industrial investment projects: those characterized by enormous ambition. For example, they can cover large geographic areas and influence the development of a region or a country. In fact, they are usually divided into sub-projects coordinated with each other.
• Industrial facilities and plants: those that conceive the construction of plants and facilities whose execution constitutes the main phases of what defines an industrial project. It can be from petrochemical refineries, cement, fertilizers, inorganic chemistry, paper and cardboard, among others.
• Industrial production lines and processes: are those that involve the same production line or independent and interconnected processes, such as the construction of a series of buildings. The lines are usually for electrical energy networks, fuel storage and distribution, heating, industrial electronics, etc.
• Machines, equipment and their elements: those that are oriented to the design and manufacture of machines and devices for any industrial installation. They are considered authentic industrial projects.
Steps to develop an industrial project
Having made this distinction, it should be noted that industrial engineering projects are characterized by being complex, comprehensive and multidisciplinary. Let's see what the process of developing a project of this nature consists of:
It gathers the initial proposals and justifies the solutions adopted in each phase of the project. Relevant descriptions, large-scale drawings, and rough ratings are included. It is the framework of the project.
The report expands the descriptive factor stated in the preliminary draft. It has four basic elements:
Description of activities and processes to be executed
Calculations of all the components of the project.
Planning and scheduling (through a diagram)
Annexes or other considerations for execution.
They are the documents most used during the execution of tasks. They must be complete, concise and sufficient, as they include the necessary and detailed information about the project itself. They can be general or detailed, although what they cannot vary is in the fulfillment of basic formats for their understanding, reading and use.
From a contractual perspective, it is the most important document in an industrial project. The plans determine what must be done, while the list of requests indicates how to carry it out. The conditions of a document of this type can be material, economic, legal, administrative, among others. It is the general framework for the application of the project.
Like any budget, it is a guide document and serves to get an idea of the costs and measurements of the project in general. Another way to use it is in specific phases.
Finally, with all these documents compiled, we proceed to the writing of the text on the specific work. Some considerations for this stage, the most important in the preparation of the text, are the following:
The work must be defined without ambiguities or contradictions.
Do not use more documentation than that already collected.
Make clear the objectives and conclusions of the work.