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Everything You Should Learn About High Blood Pressure

Everything You Should Learn About High Blood Pressure

Being known as HBD or hypertension, it is the main culprit of cardiovascular disease. BP is referred to as the blood pressure pushing against the artery walls during circulation. If the pressure is incredibly high then it is known as high blood pressure which hurt the arteries and can cause life-threatening condition such as stroke.

So, it is vital for every people to keep the blood pressure under control. It might be sounded simple but it is not in real. Here, in this blog we will let you know about that.

In what ways measuring is done for High Blood Pressure

Reading of the blood pressure comes in two numbers. The first one is the systolic pressure indicating the arteries’ force during heart beating. The second one is the diastolic pressure indicating the arteries’ pressure when heart rests in-between every beat.

During birth, the blood pressure remains 64/40 that gradually increases with aging to 120/80 in healthy humans. If blood pressure is checked after daily workout or physical activity it will be slightly high. Depending on the emotional condition or activity state of the mind and body, blood pressure is likely to fall or rise naturally.

Even blood pressure will vary from person-to-person. However, anyone suffering from high blood pressure must talk with your private GP about treatment. Otherwise, it will injure the blood vessels, kidneys, eyes and brain completely.   

Which higher level is excessively high?

Any person with the measurement of above 120/80 is considered as high blood pressure. In case, the reading stops at 180/120, you have to seek medical attention as early as possible. Sometimes, you might have prehypertension as well when the BP slightly crosses 120 or slightly below 80.

Prehypertension is a significant heath condition heightening the probability of kidneys, brain, heart and arteries damage. Although doctor states about the treatment of prehypertension yet there is lack of evidence of long-term help.

Often people fail to realise that they suffer from high blood pressure. Therefore, it has given the name “the silent killer” due to its ability to stay dormant resulting in significant damage to your body. 

If it is left untreated for a long period of time, it will cause some major health issues like:

  • Heart failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Vision problems

Excessively high blood pressure is regarded as malignant hypertension. This medical emergency condition can be treated by visiting the emergency room. It comprises of the symptoms like weakness, headache, vision changes, breathing shortness and chest pain. Luckily medical science possesses the capacity to keep blood pressure under control. But be sure that you are keeping your eye on it at a regular manner.

Who usually gets hypertension?

In an average, high blood pressure is mostly seen in the family with medical history of diabetes, heart diseases and hypertension.

Therefore, it is more usual in the people:

  • African-American
  • Above 55 years of age
  • Overweight
  • Inactive
  • Smokers
  • Excessive alcohol drinkers

High blood pressure can be experienced by the people who consume highly-salty food and taking medications like decongestants and NSAIDs (aspirin and ibuprofen). Even use of illegitimate drugs like cocaine can result in higher blood pressure.

Essential hypertension

When the underneath cause of HBD can’t be identified it often regarded as essential hypertension. Sometimes it may be hereditary where race and age play their respective significant role too. It isn’t surprising that lifestyle and diet of the individual always create an impact on the overall physical health with no exception to hypertension.

Most people are well-aware of link between HBD and salt. Certain high blood pressure-infected persons are figured as ‘salt-sensitive’. They must limit the intake of sodium chloride (table salt) in their daily diet that remarkably raises the high blood pressure level.

Other factors triggering high blood pressure level comprise of:

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Minimal physical activity
  • Low magnesium, calcium and potassium level
  • Stress
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity

Secondary hypertension

If the key reason of high blood pressure gets detected then the condition is referred to as the secondary hypertension. One of the main reasons is kidney disease.

Even hypertension can lead to tumours to the adrenal glands which get placed on the kidneys. It starts producing higher amount of hormone resulting in high blood pressure.  

Heightening of the blood pressure level is also prominent in pregnant women or those using birth control pills as both of these promote estrogen level. Similarly, other medications can also impact the blood pressure level and thereby it is better to check with your private doctors near you for keeping it in control.

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