Is it true that COVID-19 Vaccination Can Cause Infertility? These are the facts
1. News of vaccines causing sterility is thought to be related to protein spikes
As we all know, COVID-19 is a disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 corona virus. "Corona" in English is "crown" which means crown. The designation is taken from the structure of the virus wall which has spikes or spikes that surround the cell, so that it is shaped like a crown.
In producing vaccines, the spines which are amino acid proteins are used to form immunity, so that they are able to withstand the entry rate of SARS-CoV-2 and infect the body.
It seems that this is misunderstood by some people. Launching The Conversation, hoax news about the COVID-19 vaccination that can make this infertile comes from information related to the thorn.
It is stated that the protein spines used are closely related to the protein in the placenta, namely syncytin-1. This raises an unscientific theory that the antibodies that should attack the spine protein will also attack the syncytin-1 protein and terminate the vital role of the placenta.
2. This hoax appears due to placental protein and SARS-CoV-2 protein, which are not much different
News about the COVID-19 vaccination, which he said could cause infertility, was certainly brushed off. Vaccine proteins are different from the proteins present in the placenta. Of this total, about 1,300 types of amino acids are found in the thorns.
Slightly different from the syncytin-1 protein. This protein in the placenta is made up of about 540 amino acids. From this, through closer observation, it is estimated that the amino acids that make up these two things only differ by about 20 types, which is classified as a little. It is not surprising that some people are consumed by this untrue news.
3. There is a further process for vaccines to be "misdirected"
In fact, for the vaccine to attack the placenta, further processing is required. Launching The Conversation, it is said that there must be a further resemblance to the two amino acids, which is actually absent.
In addition, they also have to go through a similar process, which process is also impossible. In the end, the amino acid content is similar, but the protein is different.
4. There are studies that say that COVID-19 can damage sperm, but that should be studied further
The strength of this false news can also be supported by the results of research which states that COVID-19 can affect male reproduction.
Coming from a trial in Iran and published on January 29 in the journal Reproduction, the study results show the severe condition of the COVID-19 patient who has spread to the genitals. Some of the effects are the quantity of sperm production decreases to zero.
However, on the other hand, it is also acknowledged that these negative impacts decrease over time. In other words, the fertility condition will return to normal when the patient's condition recovers.
Health experts also say that this needs to be studied further to really know whether these negative effects actually apply in all situations or not.
5. The news that the COVID-19 vaccination can cause infertility has also been denied by WHO
Director of the immunization program of the World Health Organization (WHO), Dr. Kate O'Brien, emphasized that the news that the COVID-19 vaccination can cause infertility is untrue news, aka just rumors.
"The vaccine that is given cannot cause sterility. This is an old rumor that often appears in many other vaccines and has never been proven true," said Kate as quoted from the official WHO Twitter account on Monday (8/2/2021).
"There is no vaccine that can cause infertility," he continued.
Keep in mind that in the production of a vaccine, testing stages are needed. If it doesn't pass, of course the vaccine will not get permission to be distributed. This means that if you have a permit, the vaccine is said to be safe from a clinical point of view.
Remember, COVID-19 vaccination can provide a protective effect, namely to prevent infections that cause moderate to severe symptoms, and can reduce the risk of death.The side effects of COVID-19 vaccination that have been reported so far are mild and harmless. These include soreness, pain at the injection site, redness, weakness, fever, nausea, and changes in appetite.
So, the news that the COVID-19 vaccination can cause infertility is not true. If you get any news about vaccines or various other things about COVID-19, you should check the facts first, don't believe them right away and spread them.
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